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Known as Functional Food & Appreciated herb by Ayurveda.

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What is Turmeric (Curcuma Longa |Curcumin)

Turmeric (tɜːrmərɪk) is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial plant also known as Curcuma Longa of the Ginger Family, Zingiberaceae. The Latin name of turmeric is Curcuma Longa, which comes from Arabic name for the plant Kurkum.  In sanskrit it is called Haridra(The yellow one), Gauri (The one whose face is light and shining), Kanchani (Golden Goddess), Aushadhi (Herb).   It is also called Jiang Huang in Chinese and Haldi in Hindi.  

Turmeric Curcumin Curcuma


Botanical name – Curcuma longa Linn. (Curcuma domestica val)
Family- Scitamineae (Zingiberaceae) – Ardraka Kula

Vernacular Names
Hindi Name- Haldi, Hardi
Telugu Name- Pasupu, Pasupu Kommulu
English Name- Turmeric
Tamil Name- Manjal
Kannada Name- Arishina
Punjabi Name – Haldi, Haldar, Halaj
Bengali name – Halud
Gujarati name – Haladar
Marathi name – Halad
Arabian name – Kumkum
Farsi name – Zardchob
Malayalam name: Manjal

Sanskrit Synonyms of Turmeric (Curcuma Longa |Curcumin)-

Haridra – Harim Varna Drati Shodhayati cha – which improves skin complexion and cleanses skin.
Kanchani – has colour of gold, Brings about golden color to the skin, improves skin glow
Nisha – which is as beautiful as star full night
Yoshitpriya – liked by women
Varavarnini – which imparts great color to the skin.
Hattavilasini – increases the value of the market / shop that sell turmeric,
Krimighni – relieves worm and microbial infection
Peeta, Gauri – has yellow color.

Turmeric (Curcuma Longa |Curcumin)is called “Indian Saffron” because of its deep yellow saffron like color.  Turmeric has been used since ancient times as a condiment, health remedy and dye to color fabrics. Turmeric occupies important place in Ayurvedic Pharmacopeia which dates back to 5000 years.  

Turmeric is coded as food additive E100 in canned beverages, baked products, dairy, ice cream, yogurts, yellow cakes, biscuits, popcorn, sweets, cake icing, cereal, sauces, gelatins, and also direct compression tablets.  Turmeric is also used to color cheese, dry mixes, butter, dry mixes, salad dressing and margarine with annatto. The bright color of Turmeric was also used for dyeing silk and wool robes of Buddhist monks traditionally.

The preservation property of Turmeric (Curcuma Longa |Curcumin) was known to people of India since ancient times and therefore it was used in curries and other food to improve storage conditions, palatability and preservation.

Widely used by Indian Society, Turmeric is now termed as Super Food when modern world came to know that it contains potent antioxidants and possess medicinal properties right from maintaining good health to fighting Diabetes, Cancer and Heart Disease.

Turmeric (Curcuma Longa |Curcumin)has been used as a powerful anti-inflammatory herb in Chinese and Indian Medicine since ancient times.  Modern science has discovered that Curcumin, the primary pharmacological agent in this spice has proven anti-inflammatory effect that are comparable to OTC anti-inflammatory agents as well as some prescription drugs without any toxic side effect like ulcer, internal bleeding and lowering WBC count which synthetic drugs possess.

Turmeric was highly revered and most valued by Ancient Culture of India because of its energetic and spiritual qualities. It was believed to represent Sun and is still believed to possess protective properties.  Some cultures in India still wear dried turmeric rhizome as bead in their neck or arm for protecting themselves from evil spirit. Turmeric is considered auspicious in Hindu Religion and it is widely used in religious ceremonies and weddings.  It is a ritual to apply paste made from turmeric (Known as Pithi in local language) on the body of bride and groom before marriage.  Even in some cultures of India, wedding gowns were stained with a paste of turmeric and dyed to protect newly wedded couple from evil spirit.

Chemical Composition of Turmeric Curcuma Longa |Curcumin):

Turmeric is known to contain Curcuminoids as major active compound.  Approx. 3.14% Curcumin is present in powdered turmeric.  Apart from Curcumin, it contains volatile oils like turmerone, atlantone and zingiberene.

Nutritional Value of Turmeric (Curcuma Longa |Curcumin):

Value per 100 Grams

Moisture : 13.100 gm

Protein  : 6.300 gm

Fat : 5.100 gm

Minerals : 3.500 gm

Fibre : 2.600 gm

Carbohydrates : 69.400 gm

Energy : 349.000 K Cal

Calcium : 150.000 Mg

Phosphorus : 282.000 mg

Iron : 67.800 mg

Interesting Facts about Turmeric (Curcuma Longa |Curcumin):

  • Turmeric is known as Golden Spice of India.
  • Therapeutic properties of Turmeric was known and documented 5000 years back in Ancient Texts of Ayurveda.
  • Turmeric is also known as Curcuma longa or Curcumin.
  • India is the largest cultivator of Turmeric which amounts to almost 90% of total production.
  • There are more than 30 varieties of Turmeric.
  • Turmeric (Curcuma Longa |Curcumin) is propogated as Super Food due to its antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-carcinogenic agent.
  • Curcumin – active compound in Turmeric helps to stabilize membranes damaged by inflammation.
  • Turmeric is known to stimulate digestion, support the liver and reduces intestinal permeability.
  • Number of studies has concluded that Turmeric slows down the development and growth of a number of types of cancer.  It also slows down the rate at which hormone-responsive prostate cancer becomes resistant to hormonal therapy. 
  • Turmeric is used to make red color known as Kumkum and widely used in religious ceremonies and Holi Festival.
  • Turmeric being Yellow in color is believed to represent Solar Plexus Chakra.
  • Turmeric (Curcuma Longa |Curcumin) leaf is one of the nine components of Navpatrika which is worshiped during Durga Puja.
  • “We have not found a single cancer on which Turmeric does not work” says Dr. Bharat Aggarwal, Researcher at Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research in Bangalore, India.
  • Ayurveda also recommends turmeric for cancers of female reproductive  system, specifically breast and uterine cancer and to treat benign tumors.
  • More than 20 molecules of Turmeric are found to be anti-biotic, 14 molecules as cancer preventives , 12 molecules as anti-tumor, 12 molecules as anti-inflammatory and more than 10 molecules as different anti-oxidants.
  • Over 326 biological activities of turmeric is known to us till date.  

What is Turmeric Powder?

Turmeric Powder is obtained by grinding dried & processed rhizomes of perennial plant also known as Curcuma LongaIt is bright yellow in color and is used as spice & preservative in India since historic times.  It also possesses therapeutic properties and civilizations across the world are accepting this wonderful spice as Super Food possessing hundreds of health benefits.

Where to buy Turmeric Root?

Turmeric Roots can be bought from Agriculture Produce Markets in India.  It is also sold in Spice Markets across India.

Where to buy Organic Turmeric?

Organic Turmeric roots can be bought directly from farmers who are certified by Organic Agencies.  Organic Turmeric Powder can be bought from grocery stores, super markets and online shopping websites.

Where can I find Turmeric in the Grocery Store?

Turmeric powder is normally stored in Spice & Condiments section of Grocery Stores.  It is sometimes also stored in Health Supplements Sections.

Where to buy Turmeric Powder for Skin /face?

Edible Turmeric Powder sold at Grocery Stores, Super Markets & Online shopping websites can be used for application on skin / face also.  It can also be mixed with other beauty herbs for external application.  Turmeric is antiseptic in nature.  It nourishes skin & makes your face radiant.

Where to Buy Turmeric Capsules?

Turmeric Capsules can be bought from Health Stores, Super Markets, Pharmacies or online shopping websites. Many brands are selling Turmeric Capsules containing higher potencies of Curcumin ..some to the extent of 99% Curcumin and charging high prices.  However, Please note that Natural Turmeric Powder contains approx 3% Curcumin.  Curcumin in insoluble in water and most of the dosage is not utilized by your body when you take higher potency turmeric capsules containing Curcumin.  Therefore, we advice not to waste money on Turmeric Capsules containing Extracts.  Rather consume natural turmeric tablets regularly.

What is Turmeric Good for?

Turmeric offer wide range of health benefits.  It has healing properties on right from arthritis, inflammation to cancer, heart disease and diabetes.  Due to wide spectrum of health benefits of Turmeric, it is considered as Super Food of 21st Century.

What is Turmeric Milk?

Turmeric Milk or Turmeric Golden Milk is prepared by boiling milk (Preferably cow milk) , adding Turmeric powder and sugar to it. Normally proportion is 100 ml of milk, 6 grams of Turmeric Powder and Sugar to taste.  

What is Turmeric Milk good for?

 Turmeric Golden Milk is not only completely comforting, relaxing and soothing at night but it is also extremely nutritious.  Turmeric is known to contain lot of nutrients, antioxidants and anti-inflammatory compounds.  Turmeric Golden Milk tastes delicious because Turmeric has a warm, spicy, bold and earty flavor and tastes wonderful when mixed with a hint of sweetness.

What is Turmeric powder in hindi?

Turmeric is known as Haldi in Hindi.  Turmeric Powder is known as Haldi Churna in Hindi.

What is Turmeric Tea?

Turmeric Tea is a warming healthy tea made with turmeric, spices, honey and citrus. Every sip of warm Turmeric Tea not only soothes your throat but also your senses.  It brings your appetite to normal functioning. Highly recommended to consume immediately after you wake up every day.

Where can I buy Turmeric Tea?

Turmeric Tea is easy to make and can be made by anyone within 10 minutes.  Bring water to boil, add minced fresh ginger, cinnamon sticks, salt and turmeric powder to boiling water. You can add lemon juice also. Filter and your Turmeric Tea is ready.  However, Turmeric Tea blended with different herbs is available on grocery shelf, super market; health stores and you can also buy online.

How much Turmeric Power per day is recommended?

Healthy person should use 3-6 grams of Turmeric Powder twice a day to maintain health & fitness.  However, the dosage differs if it is used as medication.  You must consult your doctor to know the exact dosage.

Is Turmeric a blood thinner?

People taking blood thinner medications like Warfarin or Coumadin are warned to not to use turmeric.  This itself shows that Turmeric is a blood thinner.   Turmeric has a anti-coagulant properties and prevents blood vessels from clotting. Therefore, Turmeric is a valuable to those people above 40 who are at risk for blood clots or suffers from illness that cause thickened blood.