Diabetes - tests and checkups
- Ask your doctor questions.
- Learn more about diabetes.
See Your Doctor
- Blood pressure
Also see your dentist every 6 months.
An eye doctor should check your eyes at least once a year. See an eye doctor who takes care of people with diabetes. If you have eye problems because of diabetes, you will probably see your eye doctor more often.
The doctor should check every year for loss of feeling, using a special tool.
If you have had foot ulcers before, see your doctor every 3 - 6 months. It is always a good idea to ask your doctor to check your feet.
Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C)
An HbA1C lab test shows how well you are controlling your blood sugar levels over a three-month period.
The normal level is less than 6%. Most people with diabetes should aim for an HbA1C of less than 7%. Some people have a higher target, however. Your doctor will tell you what your target should be.
Higher HbA1C numbers mean that your blood sugar is higher.
A cholesterol test measures cholesterol and triglycerides in your blood. You should have the test on an empty stomach after not eating overnight.
Adults with type 2 diabetes should have this test every year. People with high cholesterol may have this test more often.
Once a year, you should have a urine test. It looks for a protein called "albumin."
You will have more of this protein in your blood if you have early kidney damage due to diabetes. But the level of this protein in urine can also be higher for other reasons.
Your doctor will also check a kidney blood test every year. This test measures how well your kidneys work.