Jamun Seeds (Eugenia Jambolana) is a very important Ayurvedic Herb universally accepted to be very good for medicinal purpose especially for controlling blood sugar levels nd curing diabetes because of it effect on pancreas. India was previously called Jambudvipa – an island where Jambu trees are abundant. The botanical name of Jamun is Syzigium Cumini or Eugenia Jambolan or Myrtus Cumini. The fruit and seed contain glucoside jamboline and ellagic acid which are reported to have the ability to check the conversion of starch into sugar in case of excess production of sugar. The other nutraceutical constituents of fruit are resin, albumen, gallic acid, essential oil and tannic acid. It is effective in the treatment of diabetes mellitus inflammation, ulcers nd diarrhea and preclinical studies have also shown it to possess chemopreventive, redioprotective nd antineoplastic properties. . Processed products like Jamun viniger can be administered in case of enlarged spleen, chronic diarrhoea and urine retention. Seed is used in various alternative systems of medicine like Ayurveda, Unani and Chinese system of medicine. Barks and leaves of this plant also have various medicinal properties like control of blood pressure, gingivitis etc.
Different Names of Jamun (Eugenia Jambolana)
Hindi name: Jamun, Jambul
English name: Jamun, Jamoon
Bengali name: Kala Jam
Punjabi name: Jamalu
Telugu name: Neredu Chettu
Tamil nameL Saval naval
Malayalam name: Naval
Kannada name: Nerale
Sanskrit synonyms of Jamun:
Mahaphala, Kokileshta, Pikabhaksha, Phalendra, Surabhipatra, Jambava, Mahaskandha
Mutrasangrahaniya – Group of herbs that cause urine retention
Pureeshavirajaneeya – Group of herbs that are used to restore normal colour of faeces
Chardinigrahana – Group of herbs that are used to treat vomiting
Sushruta and Vagbhata – Nyagrodhadi Group of herbs.
Medicinal qualities of Jamun
Rasa (Taste) – Kashaya (astringent), Madhura (sweet), Amla (sour)
Guna (qualities) – Laghu (light to digest), Rooksha (dry)
Vipaka (taste conversion after digestion) – Katu (pungent)
Veerya (potency) – Sheeta (cold)
Effect on Tridosha – It increases Vata but balances Kapha and Pitta.
Grahi – absorbant, useful in malabsorption syndrome and diarrhea
Vatakara – increases Vata
Shramahara – relieves tiredness
Pittahara, Dahahara – balances Pitta and its symptoms like burning sensation.
Kantarti hara – relieves throat pain
Shosha – Emaciation
Krimi – worm infestation, infection
Shwasa – Asthma, COPD, wheezing, breathing difficulty
Atisara – diarrhoea, dysentery
Kasa – cough, cold
Vishtambhini – causes constipation, useful in diarrhea and dysentery
Rochana – improves taste, useful in anorexia
Pachani – Improves digestion.
कषायमधुरप्रायं गुरु विष्टम्भि शीतलम्|
जाम्बवं कफपित्तघ्नं ग्राहि वातकरं परम्||१४०||
kaṣāyamadhuraprāyaṃ guru viṣṭambhi śītalam|
jāmbavaṃ kaphapittaghnaṃ grāhi vātakaraṃ param||140|| – Charaka Sutrasthana 27
Madhura – sweet
Kashaya – slightly astringent,
Guru – heavy
Vishtambhi – producer of wind in abdomen, causes bloating
Sheetala – coolant
balances Kapha and Pitta,
Grahi – absorbant, bowel binding
Vatakara – aggravator of Vata.
Nutrition value of Jamun(for 100gm):
Jamun fruit contain fair amount of mineral (Ca, K), vitamin (B-complex, vitamin C), free sugar (glucosemannose, sucrose) and amino acid (alanine, arginine, Aspergine etc). Purple colour of fruit is due to anthocyanin pigment. The major anthocyanins are delphinidin and petunidin. Malvidine, peonidin and cyanidin are also present in small proportion. Twenty nine compounds have been identified representing more than 99% of the volatile mixture, among them cis-ocimene (29.95%) and transocimene (23.03%) are major. Three esters, dihydrocarvyl acetate, geranyl butyrate and terpinyl valerate are identified and may be responsible for the characteristic flavour of the jamun fruit. Astringency of the fruit is due to presence of phenolic compounds (215 mg/100g). Jamun have significant antioxidant activity compared to nonanthocyanin fruit such as sapota, papaya, banana and guava. The antioxidant activity is attributed due to presence of antioxidant vitamins, tannin and anthocyanins.
Carbohydrates: 14.00 gm
Calcium: 15.00 mg
Iron: 0.30 mg
Potassium: 55.00 mg
Sodium: 26.20 mg
Carotene: 48.00 mg
Vitamin C:18.00 mg
Energy: 62 kcal
Benefits of Jamun:
1) Improves bone health
2) Boosts immunity
3) Increases blood count
4) Improves heart health
5) Improves digestion
Jamun seeds and Diabetes:
The best part about jamun seeds is that it reduces the symptoms of diabetes. The leaves, the fruit and the jamun seed are effective at treating diabetes. The main ingredient in jamun that cuts the risk of diabetes is a chemical called jamboline which is present in the seeds. Jamun is known to lower blood sugar level for a longer duration. Jamun is an interesting fruit to increase insulin activity and sensitivity.
Jamun acts as a powerful antioxidant that helps to improve immunity but its most profound benefit lies in its being of special use in the treatment of diabetes.
Jamun – the ayurvedic way!
- Dried Jamun seeds powder three times a day of a gram each dose will help to reduce high blood sugar. Jamun Seeds powder also helps to reduce the insulin dose.
- Two grams of dried Jamun seeds powder will reduce polyuria of any cause.
- Dried Jamun seeds powder at one gram per day will help to reduce irritable bowel syndrome.
- Both Jamun seeds and leaves improve uterine function.
- Regular intake of fruits for 2-3 months helps to heal bleeding haemorrhoids.
Include jamun in your diet:
- Jamun juice can go very well with your breakfast.
- Jamun fruits are a good option for snacking.
- Add jamun pulp in wheat flour and prepare small pancakes for your kids.
- Jamun fruit pieces can be added into yogurt to prepare a flavoured yogurt.
- Jamun milkshakes also tastes yummy.
- Jamun ice cream can be prepared at home. It can be cooked with a little sugar and added on vanilla ice cream as a topping.
- Same can be added on cookies as a topping.
- Jamun jellies and jams are kids’ favourites.
- Jamun smoothies also can be a great option for evening snacks.
Jamun has also been reported to be protective in liver disease, which could play an important role in prevention of liver damage (necrosis and fibrosis). In addition, studies also show an anti-cancer potential of jamun fruit extract. These could be possibly due to several bioactive phytochemicals including polyphenols which have the purple pigment called anthocyanin. Studies show that berry fruit consumption may also provide benefits during chemotherapy and radiation. Research confirms that polyphenolic compounds have far reaching health benefits. They help in the prevention of several chronic diseases like cancer, heart disease, diabetes, ageing and arthritis. In the end for the question to what is Jamun, one can say that it is a wonder fruit that offers exceptional benefits to all people.
Benefits of jamun:
- Acts as a powerful antioxidant.
- Helps to improve immunity.
- Is a good source of vitamin A and C, so is very beneficial for eye and skin health
- Powdered Jamun seeds are known to control the blood sugar levels.
- Jamun acts as a coolant.
- It also possesses anti-diarrhoeal properties, so is beneficial for the digestive system.
- It is used in the treatment of sore throat and asthma in Ayurveda.
- Jamun leaves were used for healing pus-filled wounds in the ancient days, which suggests that it has anti-bacterial and healing properties too!
- Being rich in antioxidants, it improves immunity and helps to prevent cancer.